When purchasing property or refinancing a home, a borrower should consider the various types of mortgages available to fit within their needs and their budget.
Listed below are a few different types of mortgages that are available to help you find the best type of loan to best suit your needs.
A condition associated with fixed mortgages involves a constant interest rate throughout the time period of the mortgage loan. With fixed mortgages, the amount of money a person pays in a given time frame is pre-determined. A fixed rate mortgage is feasible for people interested in adjusting the monthly debt installments to their budget.
- Advantage - The monthly installments remain the same, regardless of the prevailing interest rate and the borrower is protected from unexpected interest rate increases.
- Disadvantage - A fixed rate mortgage can be more expensive as compared to an adjustable rate mortgage. If interest rates are higher, qualifying for a loan can be more difficult as the payments will be less affordable. Furthermore, if interest rates fall, those with a fixed rate mortgage would need to refinance to benefit from a lower rate.
- An Important Consideration - A borrower may face penalties if they want to pay off the loan earlier than the predefined time period. Additionally, when selecting a mortgage loan make sure to consider all the factors as they will vary in terms of the different packages that are offered.
The lender sets a Standard Variable Rate (SVR) independently and proposes certain discount offers for specific time frames; typically ranging from two to three years. The ratio between the discount and SVR proposed by a lender can be a bit trickier to handle in a discount mortgage.
- Advantage - Monthly paybacks are comparatively less and they can be even lower if the lender lowers the SVR.
- Disadvantage - The discount mortgage is a variable rate so your rates can go up and down over time.
- An Important Consideration - The borrower needs to consider their budget in a way that it becomes feasible to cope with an unexpected fluctuation in the SVR. Such fluctuations are common in the case of a discount mortgage.
An off-set mortgage is set in conformity with the savings of the borrower. As a result, the borrower pays the debt for a lesser amount. For instance, if a person has a debt of $200,000 and savings of $50,000, then the debt will be paid for $150,000.
- Advantage - It facilitates the debtor as it saves them time and money. Also, the debtor is not liable to pay any interest on the savings that is offset for the mortgage.
- Disadvantage - The interest rate is higher as compared to fixed rate mortgages. Meaning, the borrower would need to set their budget accordingly.
- An Important Consideration - It is comparatively more convenient for people who fall within a higher tax bracket as well as those with a considerable savings because the interest rates are higher.
Capped Rate Mortgages
It is similar to the discount mortgage, except the lender cannot exceed SVR beyond a certain limit.
- Advantage - The borrower can budget for the increase in the SVR, as the highest SVR is predicated.
- Disadvantage - The cap is set comparatively higher.
- An Important Consideration - Despite the SVR capping, the lender is free to change the rate anytime while staying within the cap limits.