Mortgage Points Explained
A mortgage point is the amount equal to 1% of the mortgage loan amount. For example, let’s say that you take out a loan of $400,000, one point will be $4,000.
There are two kinds of mortgage points:
- Discount Points
- Origination Points
Discount points are a type of pre-paid interest, and is given directly to the lender at closing for the reduction of the interest rate on your mortgage loan. So, the more points you pay, the lower or higher the interest rate goes on the loan. You can pay up to 3 or 4 points, depending on how much you want to lower the rate.
An origination point is a fee that is charged by the lender to cover the processing of the loan. This fee is mostly a percentage of the loan amount rather than a fixed dollar amount.
How do you decide how many points you need, and how you should pay for them? This is dependent upon factors like how much money you have at hand for closing costs and how long you plan to stay in the house. If you are planning to stay in your home for some time, using points to reduce the interest rate may be a better approach. If you are looking for the lowest possible closing rate, then you should opt for a zero-point option on the loan program.
Should You Pay for the Discount Points?
Paying discount points allows you to get a discount on the interest rate for the entire life of the fixed-rate mortgage. Therefore, the monthly payment is less so you are able to pay less in interest. To establish whether you should or shouldn’t pay for the points, you need to consider how long you are planning to keep the loan.
The fee that is associated with the closing of the real estate transaction is known as the closing cost. The closing point refers to when the title of the property is reassigned from the seller to the buyer. These closing costs are paid by either the buyer or the seller.
Closing Cost Charges
Closing costs range widely depending on your location and the property that you purchase.
Often the following are included:
- Credit report fee
- Loan origination fee
- Attorney fee
- Inspection fee (required by either you or the lender)
- Discount points
- Appraisal fee
- Survey fee (used for the authentication of the property line)
- Title insurance (in case the title is not clean)
- Title search fee (background check)
- Escrow deposit (for a couple of months’ property taxes and mortgage insurance)
- Pest inspection fee
- Recording fee (fee that is paid to the country/city for the recording of the new records)
- Underwriting fee (the amount charged for the evaluation of the mortgage loan application)
How Much Are Closing Costs?
Typically, about 2-5% of the purchase price of the home is paid as a closing fee. According to the law, lenders are under obligation to provide you with a Good Faith Estimate (GFE) of the closing costs within three days of the loan application. Since these are only estimates, they can increase by as much as 10%, which could potentially add thousands of dollars to the final closing costs.
How Closing Costs Can Be Avoided
To avoid paying for closing costs, you can obtain a non-closing cost mortgage, where you are not required to pay any cost at closing. However, if a lender does offer you such an arrangement, then it will probably cost you in the long run. For example, the lender could charge you a higher interest rate on the loan, or the closing cost could be included in the total cost of the mortgage and you end up paying the interest on the closing costs.
Alternatively, the buyer can negotiate with the seller as to who pays for these fees. In some cases, the seller pays 100% of the closing costs.
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